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Syr Darya (Central Asia)

Syr Darya at Kyzylorda, Kazakhstan

The Syr Darya is a river in Central Asia.

The Syr Darya originates in the Tian Shan Mountains in Kyrgyzstan and eastern Uzbekistan and flows for 2,212 kilometres (1,374 mi) west and north-west through Uzbekistan and southern Kazakhstan to the remains of the Aral Sea. It is the northern and eastern of the two main rivers in the endorrheic basin of the Aral Sea, the other being the Amu Darya. In the Soviet era, extensive irrigation projects were constructed around both rivers, diverting their water into farmland and causing the virtual disappearance of the Aral Sea, once the world's fourth-largest lake.

The second part of the name (Darya) means river. The current name dates only from the 18th century; since roughly the Muslim Conquests of Central Asia the river was known as the Seyhun River, i.e., one of the four rivers of Jannah, or paradise. Prior to the coming of Islam to Central Asia, the river's name is recorded by several sources, including those relating to Alexander the Great as the Jaxartes River.

    >>Source of text excerpted from: wikipedia.com

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